Jacob prayed: "HaShem,
you told me 'Return to the land where you were born, and I will
make things go well with you.' I am unworthy of all the kindness
that you have shown me. When I crossed the Jordan River I only had my
staff, and now I have enough for two camps. Rescue me from the hand of
my brother, from Esau. I am afraid of him, for he can come and kill us
all - mothers and children alike. You once said 'I will make things
go well with you, and make your descendants like the sand grains of
the sea, which are too numerous to count.'"
After spending the
night there, he selected a tribute for his brother Esau. The tribute
consisted of: 200 female goats, 20 male goats, 200 ewes, 20 rams, 30
female camels and their young, 40 cows, 10 bulls, 20 female donkeys
and 10 male donkeys.
These he gave to
his servants, each a herd by itself. He said to his servants: "Go
ahead of me. Keep a space between one herd and the next."
He gave the first
group instructions: "When my brother Esau encounters you,
he will ask, 'To whom do you belong? Where are you going? Who owns all
this that is with you?' You are to reply: 'It belongs to your servant
Jacob. It is a tribute to my master Esau. Jacob himself is right
Jacob gave the
same instructions to all of the groups.
"I will win
him over with the gifts that are being sent ahead, then I will face
him," he said, "then he will hopefully forgive
He sent the gifts
ahead and spent the night in the camp. In the middle of the night he
got up and took is two wives and their handmaidens and his eleven sons
and sent them across the Jabbok River shallows. After he had them on
the other side of the river he sent the rest of the camp to them.
alone. A stranger appeared and wrestled with him until just before
daybreak. When the stranger saw that he could not defeat him, he
touched the upper joint of Jacob's thigh and it became dislocated as
he wrestled with the stranger.
leave!" the stranger said, "Dawn is breaking."
"I will not
let you leave unless you bless me."
"What is your
will no longer be said to be Jacob, but Israel (Yisra'el). You have
become great (sar) before HaShem and man. You have won."
Jacob returned the
question: "What is your name?"
you ask my name?" He then blessed Jacob.
Jacob named the
place Divine Face (Peniel). "I have seen the Divine face
to face, and my soul has withstood it." The sun rose and
was shining on him when he left Penuel. He was limping because of his
therefore do not eat the displaced nerve on the hip joint (Sciatic
nerve) to this very day. This is because the stranger had touched
Jacob looked up
and saw Esau approaching with 400 men. He divided the children among
Leah, Rachel and their handmaids. Jacob went ahead of them and
prostrated himself seven times as he approached his brother.
Esau ran to meet
him. He hugged Jacob, and they both wept. Esau looked up and saw the
women and children. "Who are these with you?"
"They are the
children whom HaShem has been kind enough to grant me."
approached along with their children, and the women bowed down. Leah
and her children did the same. Finally, Joseph and Rachel bowed down
"What did you
have to do with that whole camp that came to greet me?"
"It was to
find favor in your eyes." answered Jacob.
plenty, my brother," replied Esau, "Let what is yours remain
No!" said Jacob. "If I have gained favor with
you, please accept this gift from me. After all, seeing your face is
like seeing the face of the Divine, you have received me so favorably.
Please accept my welcoming gift. HaShem has been kind to me, and I
have all I need." Jacob thus urged him to accept the gift.
going and move on," said Esau. "I will travel
lord," replied Jacob, "you know that the
children are weak, and I have a responsibility for the nursing sheep
and cattle. If they are driven hard for even one day, they will die.
Please go ahead of me. I will lead my group slowly, following the pace
of the work that I have ahead of me and the pace of the children. I
will eventually come to you in Seir."
"Let me put
some of my people at your disposal," said Esau.
for?" replied Jacob. "Just let me remain on
friendly terms with you."
On that day, Esau
returned along the way to Seir. Jacob went to Sukkoth. There he build
himself a home, and made shelters for his livestock. He therefore
named the place Sukkoth.
Arrival at Shechem
When Jacob came
from Padan Aram and entered the bounties of Canaan, he arrived safely
in the vicinity of Shechem. He set up camp in view of the city. He
bought a piece of open land which he set up his tent for 100 kesitahs
from the sons of Chamor, chief of Shechem. He erected an altar there,
and named it G-d-is-Israel's-Lord (El Elohey Yisrael).
The Affair of
Dinah, went out to visit some of the local girls. She was seen by
Shechem, son of the chief of the region, Chamor the Hivite. He seduced
her and violated her. He fell in love with her and tried to make up
with her. Shechem said to his father, "Get me this girl as a
Jacob learned that
his daughter Dinah had been violated. His sons were in the field with
the livestock, and Jacob remained silent until they came home.
Shechem's father, Chamor, came to Jacob to speak with him. Jacob's
sons returned from the field. When they heard what had happened, they
were shocked and angry. Shechem had committed an outrage against
Israel. Such an act could not be tolerated.
Chamor tried to
reason with them. "My son Shechem is deeply in love with
your daughter," he said. "If you would, let
him marry her. intermarry with us. You can give us your daughters and
we will give you ours. You will be able to live with us, the land will
be open to you. Settle down, do business here, and the land will
become your property."
Shechem also spoke
to Dinah's father and brothers. "I will do anything to
regain your favor. I will give you whatever you ask. Set the bridal
price and gifts as high as you like -- I will give you what every you
demand of me. Just let me have the girl as my wife."
When Jacob's sons
replied to Shechem and his father Chamor, it was with an ulterior
motive. After what had been done to their sister.
"We can't do
that," they said. "Giving our sister to an
uncircumcised man would be a disgrace to us. The only way we can
possibly agree is if you would circumcise every male. Only then will
we be able to give you our daughters and take your daughters for
ourselves. We will be able to live together with you and both of us
will become a single nation. But if you do not agree we will
Their terms seemed
fair to Chamor and his son Shechem. Since he desired Jacob's daughter,
the young man lost no time doing it. He was the most respected man in
his father's house.
Chamor and his son
Shechem came to the city gate, and they spoke to the citizens of their
city. "These men are friendly toward us," they
said. "They live on the land and support themselves
profitably from it. The land has more than ample room for them. We
will marry their daughters, and give them ours. But it is only if
their terms are met that we can become one nation. Every male among us
must first be circumcised, just as they are circumcised. Won't
their livestock, their possessions, and all their animals eventually
be ours? Let us agree to their conditions and live with them."
All the people who
came out to the city gate agreed with Chamor and his son Shechem. The
males who passed through the city gate all allowed themselves to be circumcised.
On the third day,
when the people were in agony, two of Jacob's sons, Simeon and Levi,
Dinah's brothers, took up their swords. They came to the city without
arousing suspicion and killed every male. They also killed Shechem and
Chamor by the sword and took Dinah away with them.
Jacob's sons came
upon the dead, and plundered the city that had defiled their sister.
They took sheep, cattle, donkeys, and whatever else was valuable. They
also took the women and children as captives.
Jacob said to
Simeon and Levi, "You have gotten me in trouble, giving me
a bad reputation among the Canaanites and Perizites who live in the
land. I have only a small number of men. They can band together and
attack and we will all die."
have allowed this to be done to our sister?" they replied.
HaShem said to
Jacob, "Set out and go up to Beth El. Remain there and make an
altar to me, the one who appeared to you when you were fleeing your
Jacob said to his
family and everyone with him, "Get rid of the idols that
you have. Purify yourselves and change your clothes. We are setting
out for Beth El. There I will make an altar to HaShem, who answered me
in my time of trouble, and has been with me on the journey I have
They gave Jacob
all of the idols they had, even the rings in their ears. Jacob buried
them under the terebinit tree near Shechem.
They began their
journey. The fear of HaShem was felt in all the cities around them and
they did not pursue Jacob's sons.
Jacob and all the
people with him came to Luz in the land of Canaan -- that is to Beth
El. He built an altar there and named it Beth El.
Now that Jacob had
returned from Padan Aram, HaShem appeared to him again and blessed
him. HaShem said to him, "Your name is Jacob. But your name
will not only be Jacob; you will also have Israel as a name." HaShem
named him Israel.
HaShem said to
him, "I am HaShem. Be fruitful and increase. A nation and a
community of nations will come into existence from you. You will sire
kings. I will grant you the land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac. I
will also give the land to your descendants who will follow you."
HaShem went up and
left Jacob in the place where he had spoken to him. Jacob set up a
pillar in the place where HaShem had spoken to him. He offered a
libation and poured oil on it.
They moved on from
Beth El, and were some distance from Ephrath when Rachel began to give
birth. Her labor was difficult. The midwife said to her, "Do not
be afraid, this will also be a son for you." She was dying, and
she breathed her last, she named her son Ben-oni (My sorrow's son).
His father called him Benjamin.
Rachel died and
was buried on the road to Ephrath, now known as Bethlehem. Jacob set
up a monument on her on her grave. This is the monument that is on
Rachel's gave to this very day.
on, and he set up his tent beyond Herd Tower.
Jacob's Sons &
Jacob had twelve
The sons of Leah
were Reuben (Jacob's first born), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and
The sons of Rachel
were Joseph and Benjamin.
The sons of
Rachel's handmaid Bilhah were Dan and Naptali.
The son's of
Leah's handmaid Zilpah were Gad and Asher.
These are the sons
born to Jacob in Padan Aram.
Jacob thus came to
father Isaac in Mamre, at Kiryath Arba, also known as Hebron. This is
where Abraham and Isaac had resided.
Isaac lived to be
180 years old. He breathed his last and died, and his sons Esau and
Jacob buried him.
These are the
chronicles of Esau, also known as Edom.
Esau took wives
from the daughters of Canaan. These were Adah, daughter of Elon the
Hittite and Oholibamah, daughter of Anah, daughter of Tziv'on the
Hivite. He also married Basemath, daughter of Ishmael and sister of
Adah bore Esau's
Yeush, Yalam and Korach.
Those were Esau's
sons who were born in the land of Canaan.
Esau took his
wives, sons, daughters and the rest of his household and belongings
and moved to another area away from his brother Jacob. Because all of
the wandering livestock could not be supported on the land. Esau
settled in the hill country of Seir. There they become a nation called
Kings of Edom
These are the
kings who ruled in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the
Bela son of Beor
became the king of Edom, and the name of his capital was Dinhava.
Bela died, and he
was succeeded as king by Yovev, son of Zerach from Botzrah.
Yovev died, and
was succeeded as king by Chusham from the land of the Temanites.
Chusham died, and
was succeeded as king by Hadad son of Badad, who defeated Midian in
the field of Moab. The name of his capital was Avith.
Hadad died, and
was succeeded by Samlah of Masrekah.
Samlah died, and
was succeeded by Saul from Rechovouth-on-the-river.
Saul died, and was
succeeded by Baal Chanan son of Akhbor.
Baal Canan, dided
and he was succeeded as king by Hadar. The name of his capital was Pau.
His wife was Meheitaval, daughter of Matred, daughter of May Zahav.
This is how Esau
was the ancestor of the Edomites.