This Week in Jewish History

February 25, 2013 – March 3, 2013

February 25
Pope banned all social contact between Jews and Christians, 1451. This was because of the fear of Christians being attracted to Judaism. A Christian who converted to Judaism and the Jews who helped him were usually subject to the death penalty in most Catholic and Eastern Orthodox countries.

February 26
Crusader massacre of the Jews of Wurtzburg, 1147.
Jews of the Papal States (except for Rome and Ancona) were expelled by the pope, 1569.
Maryland removed the requirement of a Christian oath for public office, and substituted a declaration of belief in reward and punishment and the World to Come. 1825.
Levi Eshkol died, 1969.

February 27
Jews of Austria expelled, 1670
First Maccabiah Games in Israel, 1932.
Egypt and Israel exchanged ambassadors, 1980

February 28
Rumania excluded Jews from public service (and the tobacco trade), 1887.
MacDonald White Paper, 1940, included restriction of sale of Arab land to Jews in Eretz Yisrael. This document nearly voided the Balfour Declaration

March 1
First organized Arab attack on a Jewish settlement in Eretz Yisrael, 1886, against Petach Tikva.
Hitler ordered the establishment of a library of Jewish books and art, 1942. (The U.S. army recovered 600,000 volumes intact.)

March 3
David Emmanuel, first Jewish Governor in the United States, (Georgia) was sworn in, 1801.
The Jewish infantry brigade became active, 1945.