Jewish History This Week

[April 15]

Pope refuses to allow Jews of Cordova, Spain to build a shul, 1250
Pope granted liberal privileges to Jews of Rome, 1402.
Sinking of the Titanic, 1912.
British army liberated Belsen camp and its 40,000 inmates, 1945.

[April 16]

Po’al ha-Mizrachi, the religious Zionist labor movement, founded, 1922.
All civic limitations imposed on Jews of the German Empire were lifted, 1871. It may be said to have brought medieval anti-Semitism to a conclusion. Ten years later, almost to the day, Germany opened the new epoch of modern anti-Semitism (Nisan 26). The cycle is completed by the anniversary of the opening of the Eichmann trial.

[April 17]

Prussian Frederick the Great imposed oppressive restrictions upon Jews, 1750. His anti-Jewish policies foreshadowed the survival of anti-Semitism in the age of “Enlightenment”.

[April 18]

3000 Jews of Prague were massacred, 1389.

[April 19]

Belgium Jewish underground aided by Christian railroad men derailed a train with Jewish deportees bound for the extermination camps, several hundred Jews were saved, 1943.
Anti-Jewish violence broke out in Budapest, Hungary, 1848.
The Polish army occupied Vilna and attacked its Jewish community, 1919.
Massacre of Marranos of Lisbon, 1506.
Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Eretz Yisrael, 1936.

[April 20]

Napoleon “promised” the Jews of Eretz Yisrael the “reestablishment of ancient Jerusalem”, coupled with a plea for their support, 1799. This was the first promise by a modern government to establish a Jewish state.
Adolf Hitler was born, 1889.

[April 21]

King Christian X of Denmark, attended the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Crystal Synagogue in Copenhagen to demonstrate his sympathy for the Jews, 1933.

[April 22]

Jews of Bavaria were granted equality, 1872.
The first Jewish settlers arrived in Amsterdam, Holland, 1593.