Jews of Lubeck, Germany, were expelled, 1699.
Austrian Jews granted equal civil and political rights, 1849.
First permanent Government of Israel assumed office, 1949.
Napoleon captured the city of Jaffa, 1799.
The Nazis forbid Jewish physicians from treating “Aryans” and vice-versa, 1940.
The Pope orders the burning of the Talmud, 1244.
Jews were excluded from public office in the Roman Empire, 418.
The Knesset passed the “Who is a Jew?” bill, 1970.