4th of Av, 5774
Parashat Devarim


Israel Timeline


1948

  • State of Israel proclaimed. 600,000 Jews in the land. (5 Iyar 5708 – - 14 May 1948)

  • End of British Mandate – 14 May

  • Israel invaded by five Arab states (15 May)

  • War of Independence (May 1948 – July 1949)

  • Israel Defence Forces (IDF) established

  • Armistice agreements signed with Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon.

  • Jerusalem divided under Israeli and Jordanian rule.

  • First Government – David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister (7 Adar 5709 — 8 March 1949)

Founding of Israel
founding

1st Government
1st government


1949

  • Israel admitted to United Nations as 59th member.


1948 – 52

  • Mass immigration from Europe and Arab countries.


1950

  • Jordan Annexes the West Bank — (7 Iyar 5710 — 24 April 1950)

  • Second Government — David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister — (20 Heshvan 5711 – - 30 October 1950)

2nd Government
2nd Government


1951

  • Third Government — David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister — (8 Tishrei 5712 — 8 October 1951)

3rd Government
3rd Government


1952

  • Fourth Government – David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister — (4 Tevet 5713 — 22 December 1952)

4th Government
4th Government


1954

  • Fifth Government — Moshe Sharett, Prime Minister — (22 Shevat 5714 — 26 January 1954)

5th Government
5th Government


1955

  • Sixth Government — Moshe Sharett, Prime Minister — (9 Tammuz 5715 — 29 June 1955)

  • Seventh Government — David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister — (18 Heshvan 5716 — 3 November 1955)

6th Government
6th Government

7th Government
7th Government


1956

  • Sinai Campaign


1958

  • Eighth Government — David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister — (15 Tevet 5718 — 7 January 1958)

8th Government
8th government


1959

  • Ninth Government — David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister — (16 Kislev 5720 — 17 December 1959)

9th Government
9th Government


1961

  • Tenth Government — David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister — (23 Heshvan 5722 — 2 November 1961)

10th Government
10th-government


1962

  • Adolf Eichmann tried and executed in Israel for his key part in the Holocaust.


1963

11th Government
11th Government

12th Government
12th Government


1964

  • National Water Carrier completed, bringing water from Lake Kinneret in the North to the semi-arid South.


1966

13th Government
13th Government


1967

  • Six-Day War, Jerusalem liberated and reunited.


1968 – 70

  • Egypt’s War of Attrition against Israel


1969

14th Government
14th Government

15th Government
15th Government


1973

  • Yom Kippur War


1974

16th Government
16th Government

17th Government
17th Government


1975

  • Israel becomes an associate member of the European Common Market.


1977

  • Eighteenth Government — Menahem Begin, Prime Minister — (4 Tammuz 5737 — 20 June 1977)

  • Visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem.

18th Government
18th Government


1978

  • Camp David Accords & framework

  • Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty signed.


1979

  • Prime Minister Menachem Begin and President Anwar Sadat awarded Nobel Peace Prize.


1981

  • Nineteenth Government — Menahem Begin, Prime Minister — (5 Av 5741 — 5 August 1981)

  • Israel Air Force destroys Iraqi nuclear reactor just before it is to become operative.

  • Israel’s three-stage withdrawal from Sinai completed.

19th Government
19th Government


1982

  • Operation Peace for Galilee removes PLO terrorists from Lebanon.


1983

20th Government
20th Government


1984

  • Twenty-First Government — Shimon Peres, Prime Minister — (16 Elul 5744 — 13 September 1984)

  • Operation Moses, Immigration of Jews from Ethiopia

21st Government
21st Government


1985

  • Free Trade Agreement signed with United States.


1986

22nd Government
22nd Government


1987

  • Widespread violence from Arab terrorists starts in Israel.



1988

  • Twenty-Third Government — Yitzhak Shamir, Prime Minister — (14 Tevet 5749 — 22 December 1988)

  • Four-point peace initiative proposed by Israel.

23rd Government
23rd Government


1989

  • Start of mass immigration of Jews from former Soviet Union.


1990

24th Government
24th Government


1991

  • Israel attacked by Iraqi Scud missiles during Gulf war.

  • Operation Solomon, airlift of Jews from Ethiopia.

  • Diplomatic relations established with China and India.


1992

25th Government
25th Government


1993

  • Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements for the Palestinian Arabs signed by Israel and PLO.

  • Implementation of Palestinian Arab self-government in Gaza Strip and Jericho area.

  • Full diplomatic relations with the Holy See.

  • Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty signed.


1994

  • Rabin, Peres, Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize.

  • Prime Minister Rabin assassinated at peace rally.


1995

  • Twenty-Sixth Government — Shimon Peres, Prime Minister — (29 Heshvan 5756 — 22 November 1995)

  • Arab terrorism against Israel escalates.

  • Operation Grapes of Wrath, retaliation for Hezbollah terrorists’ attacks on northern Israel.

  • Trade representation offices set up in Oman and Qatar.

26th Government
26th Government


1996

27th Government
27th Government


1997

  • Hebron Protocol signed by Israel and the Palestinian Arabs


1998

  • Israel celebrates its 50th anniversary.


1999

28th Government
28th Government


2000

  • Arafat rejects President Clinton’s effort to achieve peace after generous offer by PM Barak

  • Arafat starts intensive terrorism against Israeli civilians


2001

29th Government
29th Government


2003

  • Thirtieth Government — Ariel Sharon – Prime Minister — (26 Adar I 5763 — 28 February 2003)

30th Government
30th Government


2005

  • Israel evacuates all Jewish communities in Gaza.

  • Palestinian infighting starts

  • Kassam rockets from Gaza attack Israel on regular basis.



2006

  • PM Sharon incapacitated by massive stroke, Olmert takes over as PM.

  • Hamas won election for the Palestinian Arabs.

  • Hezbollah war in Lebanon, massive rocket attacks on Israeli civilians in Northern Israel

  • Thirty-First Government — Ehud Olmert – Prime Minister — (6 Iyar 5766 — 4 May 2006)

31st Government
31st Government


2008

  • Operation Hot Winter launched on February 29, 2008 in response to Qassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip by Palestinian Arabs.


2009

32nd Government
32nd Government


2013

33rd Government
33rd Government